What Is Data Protocol?

Data protocol lets electronic devices communicate with each other clearly and efficiently.

Data protocol is a standard set of regulations and requirements that allow two electronic items to connect to and exchange information with one another across a network. 

Protocols regulate data transmission among devices as well as within a network of linked devices through both error control and specifying which data compression method to use. In particular, protocols decide the following:

  • The method of error checking
  • How to compact data (if required)
  • How the transmitting device signals that it has concluded sending data
  • How the receiving device signals that it has completed receiving data

What are the different types of data protocols?

The most common internet protocols are: 

  • FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
  • HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
  • HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure)
  • TCP (Transfer Control Protocol)
  • IP (Internet Protocol)
  • SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
  • Post Office Protocol (POP)
  • Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP)
  • User Datagram Protocol (UDP)